© 2017 - Explore Friuli 

Elbrich Bos

explorefriulivg@gmail.com

Cod. fisc.: BSO LRC 71B64 Z126V

P.IVA: 02921560302

IBAN IT 16 B 050340 1753 0000 0000 1017

Gids-licentie nr. 222

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TRIESTE 

The capital of the region but also important port, famous for its coffee culture, art and its Austrian past. 
WHAT SHOULD YOU CERTAINLY VISIT IN TRIESTE?

 

VIENNA BY THE SEA

As I mentioned earlier, Trieste is known as the 'Vienna by the Sea'. You can see this in the architectural influences of the Viennese Neoclassical style that was so popular in the 18th century in Austria. This is because Trieste from the late 14th century until the end of the First World War belonged to the Habsburg Empire.

Only in the 18th century, the city began to play a really important role. In this century Venice lost more and more of its power and the former Habsburg Emperor Charles VI, decided to take make us of that by establishing a free in 1719 in Trieste. This meant that no tax had to be paid for the imported goods. This made it financially very attractive for business people to settle themselves in Trieste. The city began to expand immediately. 

 

IMPORTANT PORT AND CHURCHES

Trieste soon appropriated itself with the title of the main port of the Austro-Hungarian empire. It was the second largest port in Southern Europe (after Marseille) and grew in 200 years from a fishing town of 7.000 inhabitants into a major international port with 180.000 inhabitants. People came from many countries such as Slovenia and Croatia, but also from Greece and Egypt and northern Europe. All these people obtained by the successor of the Emperor Charles VI, his daughter Empress Maria Theresa, religious freedom. This is why the city has so many different types of churches representing different religions, including a synagogue, a Serbian Orthodox Church and Greek Orthodox Church.

 

 
COFFEE, LITERATURE, AND 'GRAND CAFES' AND EATALY

Trieste is not only rich in churches but also elegant cafes where you can enjoy a true Italian coffee in many ways. Coffee is actually the most important importproduct of this harbor and it is not a coincidence that the world-famous coffee brand 'illy' has its roots here. In addition Trieste is known as the literary city with famous writers such as James Joyce, Umberto Saba and Italo Svevo, who lived here in the early 20th century and loved using the Grand Cafes to philosophize and discuss about their latest book while drinking their coffee. 

Recently, the famous restaurant chain 'Eataly' opened its doors here . This international chain is not only a great Italian restaurant but also sells all kinds of Italian Deli like wines, olive oils etc. You can find it along the Seaside 'Riva' in an old storage warehouse which has been transformed into a  modern restaurant. While eating you have a beautiful view of the bay.

 

ROMAN RUINS

However, Trieste is not only famous for its Hapsburg past, writers and coffee culture. The origins of Trieste dates back to at least 100 b.C, when the Romans founded a small trading establishment on the hilltop which they called Tergeste what 'market town' means. Especially against the hill and on top of the hill, you can find sites and ruins from this period such as the Roman Theatre, the Forum and the Roman arch 'Arco Riccardo'.

On top of the hill, named after the city's patron the Saint 'San Giusto', you will find the magnificent 15th century castle with inside a museum where you can see the excavated objects from the Roman period. Next to the castle is the Basilica which is an amalgamation of two earlier churches that stood here. 

 

CITY WALK THROUGH TRIESTE

Altogether Trieste is a city with many faces, where you can walk one moment along the Roman ruins and the next moment you will find yourself surrounded by beautiful palaces and elegant buildings from the 19th century. "The largest square of Europe by the see"; Piazza Unità d'italia, is  a perfect starting point for your visit to this versatile harbor town.

If you want to book me for a detailed tour of the capital do not hesitate to contact me. 

TAKE THE TRAM TO OPICINA

A fun thing to do for young and old is a ride with the authentic tram No.2 to the upper village of Opicina. Every 20 minutes the tram leaves from the bus stop in Piazza Oberdan. You can buy the return ticket at the newspaper shop next to the bus stop. As you drive up the steep hill, you have a beautiful view over the city and bay. the slope is so steep that the tram has to be pushed upwards by a special system at a given time. Once at the top you can take a nice walk of max. 5 km on the trail 'La Napoleonica'  where once Napoleon's troops marched.

The highlights of Trieste:
  • Piazza Unità d'Italia
  • Canal Grande
  • Churches for all kind of religions 
  • The hill San Giusto with on top the Cathedral, the castle and  Roman Forum
  • The Roman Arch 'Arco Riccardo'
  • The Grand Cafés
  • The literary route
  • The art museum Revoltella
  • A trip with the antique tram hill upwards to the village of Opicina
  • The international Italian restaurant chain (just opened) Eataly,
  • The concentration camp Risiera di San Sabba
  • The old part of the city 'città vecchia' 
  • Roman theater
  • The Jewish ghetto 
Good to combine with one of the following sights
Event:
Every second Sunday of October the Barcelona takes place. This is a historic international sailing competition where small and large sailing boats take part. In 2001, the record was achieved with almost two thousand participants! The trail is 28 km. long and starts not far from the Castle of Miramare, ending at the port of Trieste. 
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