The capital of the region but also an important port, famous for its coffee culture, art and its Austrian past.
Piazza Unità Italia
Trieste, destination of cruises
Piazza Unità Italia
EXPLORE TRIESTE: WHAT SHOULD YOU CERTAINLY VISIT IN TRIESTE?
VIENNA BY THE SEA
As I mentioned earlier, Trieste is known as the 'Vienna by the Sea'. You can see this in the architectural influences of the Viennese Neoclassical style that was so popular in the 18th century in Austria. This is because Trieste for centuries was under the Habsburg Empire rule.
Only in the 18th century, the city began to play a really important role when Venice lost more and more of its power and the former Habsburg Emperor Charles VI, decided to make use of founding the Free Port. This meant that no tax had to be paid for the imported goods which made it financially very attractive for business people to settle themselves here and thee city began to expand immediately.
IMPORTANT PORT AND CHURCHES
Trieste soon appropriated itself with the title of the main port of the Austro-Hungarian empire. It was the second largest port in Southern Europe (after Marseille) and grew in 200 years from a fishing town of 7.000 inhabitants into a major international port with 180.000 inhabitants. People came from many countries such as Slovenia and Croatia, but also from Greece and Egypt and northern Europe. All these people obtained by the successor of the Emperor Charles VI, his daughter Empress Maria Theresa, religious freedom. This is why the city has so many different types of churches representing different religions, including a synagogue, a Serbian Orthodox Church and Greek Orthodox Church.
COFFEE, LITERATURE, 'GRAND CAFÉS' AND EATALY
Trieste is not only rich in churches but also elegant Grand Cafés where you can enjoy a true Italian coffee in many ways. Coffee is actually the most important import product and it is not a coincidence that the world-famous coffee brand 'illy' has its roots here.
In addition Trieste is known as the literature city where famous writers such as James Joyce once lived. They loved using the Grand Cafes to philosophize and discuss about their latest book while drinking their coffee.
Recently, the famous restaurant chain 'Eataly' opened its doors here. This international chain is not only a great Italian restaurant but also sells all kinds of Italian Deli like wines, olive oils ecc. You can find it along the Seaside 'Riva' in an old storage warehouse which has been transformed into a modern restaurant. While eating you have a beautiful view of the bay.
However, Trieste is not only famous for its Hapsburg past, writers and coffee culture. The origins of Trieste dates back to at least 100 b.C, when the Romans founded a small trading establishment on the hilltop which they called Tergeste what 'market town' means. You can still find sites and ruins from this period such as the Roman Theatre, the Forum and the Roman arch 'Arco Riccardo'.
On top of the "Saint Giusto" hill, named after the city's patron, you will find the magnificent medieval castle and cathedral.
A CITY WALK THROUGHOUT TRIESTE
Altogether Trieste is a city with many faces, one moment you walk along the Roman ruins and the next moment you will find yourself surrounded by beautiful palaces and elegant buildings from the 19th century. "The largest square of Europe by the sea", Piazza Unità d'Italia, is a perfect starting point for your visit to this versatile port town.
If you want to book me for a detailed tour of the capital do not hesitate to contact me.
GUIDED TOUR OF TRIESTE
Click on the button to see what the guided tour of Trieste offers you
The highlights of Trieste:
Piazza Unità d'Italia
Churches for all kind of religions
The hill San Giusto with on top the Cathedral, the castle and Roman Forum
The Roman Arch 'Arco Riccardo'
The Grand Cafés
The literary route
The art museum Revoltella
The international Italian restaurant chain "Eataly"
The concentration camp "Risiera di San Sabba"
The old part of the city 'città vecchia'
The Jewish ghetto
Good to combine with one of the following sights
Castello di Duino
Porto Piccolo in Sistiana
Beach in Sistiana
The Giant Cave in Sgonico
The Nature reserve of Val Rosandra
The nature reserve of Val Rosandra