The nine-pointed fortress built by the Venetians




It is a pity that when visiting Palmanova it is not possible to make a helicopter flight, because let's be honest this village shows itself from the air at its best. Palmanova was built in 1593 by the Venetians as a defensive bulwark against the invasions of the Austrians and Ottomans in the late 16th century.  Since 2017 Palmanova is on the Unesco World Heritage List because of its defence works. The Venetians didn't want to just build a fortress or castle , no a completely city was constructed from scratch in the shape of a polygon with 9 points with the most modern defence systems. They used moats, bastions, ravelins and ramparts to keep their enemies away. 

The city was ruled by the Venetians governors whose statues you can see in the main square in the center of the town. 



To be honest, in the 200 years that followed, the city was never really attacked. This changed in 1797 when Napoleon Bonaparte took over this region and also the city of Palmanova. He invaded this area three times in between 1797 and 1813. After the Treaty of Paris the region was given into the hands of the Austrian Hungarian Empire until 1866 when it was finally returned to Italy after the third war of independence.

Napoleon has left his mark on Palmanova because he added a third ring of fortification, called 'lunette di Napoleone'- Napoleon's crescents. Also it is said that before Napoleon's intervention Palmanova was called Palma (the emblem of victory) and Napoleon decided to add the word "nova" - new - to it.



A visit to Palmanova is only complete after a walk on the ramparts of the old (now dry) moat. You can also visiti in weekends the underground defence gallery "Galleria Contromina" Palmanova is lying on the Alpe Adria cycle route so you shouldn't be surprised if you see a stray cyclist cycling through the moat ...



If you have the change to visit Palmanova on a Monday you are lucky because that is the market day and the whole central square transforms itself into a lively place full of various stalls offering all kinds of goods.

If you like shopping you are at the right place because only a few kilometers from Palmanova you have the Palmanova outlet full of Italian brands for good prices. 

The highlights of Palmanova:

  • The ramparts

  • The underground defence gallery "contromina"

  • Piazza Grande 

  • Cathedral 

  • The three access ports

  • The historical museum

  • The military museum

  • The market on Mondays

Good to combine with one of the following sights:
  • Twitter Basic Black
  • Facebook Basic Black
Palma alle Armi -  The historical re-enactment
4,5,6 September 2020
On the first weekend of September, Palmanova comes
alive with the great historical re-enactment AD 1615.
Palma alle armi (Palma at arms): over eight hundred actors
in 17th century costume bring us back to the beginning of
the war of the Uscocchi between Habsburg Austria and the Republic of Venice, to which Palmanova belonged until the fall of Venice (the “Serenissima”) to Napoleon in 1797.

Elbrich Bos

Cod. fisc.: BSO LRC 71B64 Z126V

P.IVA: 02921560302

Guide-license nr. 222


   © 2017 -2020 Explore Friuli 

The e-mail address will not be published. Required fields are marked with an *

  • tjilpen
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Instagram

Op alle op de site aanwezige materialen berust auteursrecht. Niets van deze website mag zonder voorafgaande toestemming voor publicatie in overige media gebruikt worden. Het is zonder schriftelijke toestemming niet toegestaan om informatie afkomstig van deze website te kopiëren of te verspreiden in welke vorm dan ook.